DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.


  1. Sedgwick, Catharine Maria (1853). "Slavery in New England". Bentley's Miscellany (London) 34: 417–424. http://books.google.com/books?id=8-ARAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA417. Retrieved August 2010. 
  2. Piper, Emilie; Levinson, David (2010). One Minute a Free Woman : Elizabeth Freeman and the Struggle for Freedom. Upper Housatonic Valley National Heritage Area. ISBN 978-0-9845492-0-7. 
  3. Rose, Ben Z. (2009). Mother of Freedom: Mum Bett and the Roots of Abolition. Waverly, Massachusetts: Treeline Press. ISBN 978-0-9789123-1-4. 
  4. Wilds, Mary (1999). Mumbet : The Life and Times of Elizabeth Freeman : the true story of a slave who won her freedom. Greensboro, North Carolina: Avisson Press Inc. ISBN 1888105402 / 9781888105407 / 1-888105-40-2. 
  5. Note: Some versions of this event have the target of Hannah's wrath being Freeman's sister Lizzie (see Segdwick, 1853), but there is no historical record of such a person (see Piper and Levinson, 2010).
  6. Transcript of Case No. 1, Brom & Bett vs. John Ashley Esq., Book 4A, p 55 Inferior Court of Common Pleas, Berkshire County, Great Barrington, MA, 1781, transcribed by Brady Barrows at Berkshire County Courthouse, 1998, 
  7. Zilversmit, Arthur (October 1968). "Quok Walker, Mumbet, and the Abolition of Slavery in Massachusetts". The William and Mary Quarterly. Third (Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture) 25 (44): 614–624. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1916801. 
  8.  "Africans in America/Part 2/Elizabeth Freeman (Mum Bett)". pbs.org. http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part2/2p39.html. Retrieved July 7, 2010.
DRAFT: This module has unpublished changes.